Chromium web browsers, including Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge, will soon gain valuable security support from Intel. Both browsers will benefit from Intel Control-flow Enforcement Technology (CET) protection, providing they are running on devices powered by Intel’s 11th generation CPUs.
The CET security feature prevents exploits from hijacking an application’s usual control-flow transfer instructions, which is a method sometimes employed by attackers to inject malicious code. In particular, CET should protect against Return Oriented Programming (ROP) and Jump Oriented Programming (JOP) attacks.
“JOP or ROP attacks can be particularly hard to detect or prevent because the attacker uses existing code running from executable memory in a creative way to change program behavior,” Baiju V Patel, Security Fellow, Client Computing Group. Intel explains. “What makes it hard to detect or prevent ROP/JOP is the fact that an attacker uses existing code running from executable memory. Many software-based detection and prevention techniques have been developed and deployed with limited success.”
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However, because Intel CET is a hardware-based security solution, only Chromium browsers running on devices with 11th generation Intel CPUs, which were released last year, will have access to this feature.
Windows 10 users can check if their device is making use of Intel CET by activating Task Manager, clicking on the "Details" tab, and choosing "Select Columns". By ticking “Hardware-enforced Stack Protection, individuals will be able to see which processes support the Intel CET feature. Hardware-enforced Stack Protection is the name of the implementation that Windows 10 devices use to support Intel CET.
Web browsers have to be increasingly careful against cyberattacks, with fake extensions, in particular, proving to be a popular method of infecting victims with malicious code. In addition to Chromium browsers, Mozilla has also confirmed that it is exploring ways of adding support for Intel CET in Firefox.
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