Pedestrians and cyclists struggle to trust self-driving cars, but Jaguar Land Rover believes it may have a solution: 'virtual eyes' that stare at fellow road users, letting them know they've been seen.
Perception of safety is a serious issue for autonomous car makers, and according to Jaguar Land Rover's studies, as many as 63% of pedestrians worry that it won't be safe to cross roads when self-driving vehicles roam the streets.
As part of its UK Autodrive (opens in new tab) project, the company is working with cognitive psychologists to help understand how trust works in human beings, and find new ways for cars to share information with pedestrians.
The scientists analyze the behavior of people as they cross a simulated street populated with self-driving 'intelligent pods' designed by UK company Aurrigo. Each pod seeks out pedestrians, and makes 'eye contact' to let them know that they've been seen. Researchers measure people's trust level to find out whether the eyes give them enough confidence that the pods will stop for them.
"It’s second-nature to glance at the driver of the approaching vehicle before stepping into the road," said Pete Bennett, future mobility research manager at Jaguar Land Rover.
"Understanding how this translates in tomorrow’s more automated world is important. We want to know if it is beneficial to provide humans with information about a vehicle’s intentions or whether simply letting a pedestrian know it has been recognized is enough to improve confidence."